What is private IP address? This an IP address which is only secluded to work and operated under a router. It can also be define as an address which is meant to work on other selected networks address translation (NAT). The private IP address are totally different from the public networks. Public network can be challenging to work on home or commercial places. In other terms the private IP address are referred to as local IP address. The address are more efficient and work on homes and residential places as they work on routers.
How do you determine a private IP address?
The well know internet assigned number authority. Which is a big body comes up with different but unique number which differentiates between the public and private IP addresses. We have the unique numbers which are used for private IP address only.
10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255:
The following number which is stated in ration form means a lot in the internet world. This is a private IP address which takes up over 16 million address. The IP address in this block are private and cannot be used for public IP address.
172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255:
Second set of IP address allows more than 1 million address to work using the numbers. The IP address which is also a private IP address
192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255 :
The third IP address is the most popular address, it is common to all users and very much private. Most of the routers use this IP address as compare to the other two. There are other but not so common IP address which are known and only work for automatic private IP addressing (APIPA). 169.254.0.0 to 169.254.255.255. The IANA also gave some 4 million IP address to one of address 100.64.0.0/10. This had been set aside for carrier-grade NAT.
But now why do we use private IP address?
The world is evolving to an internet must have world. You cannot imagine having to operate with limited internet which might affect your business. Public IP address have a lot of shortcoming and that when private IP address come in. private IP address have come in handy to assist when the public IP is limited. They take the responsibility but doesn’t eliminate the public IP addresses.
Taking an example, where home and business owners use the famous IP 192.168.1.1. They have to connect it to 192.168.1.2 and 192.168.1.3. The IP addresses are then connected to some devices using the DHCP. Private IP can be used by many routers without wearing it down. Private IP have to liaise with public IP to send some signals which will be later transferred to the local IP.
What are the ranges for the private IP addresses?
Each IP address is unique and has different numbers, however this numbers fall on different ranges. The ranges were set by the IANA giving different block. We have the (A, B and C). Out of the three block, it is noted that many IP address use the “C”.
What do we understand with block and ranges? Most of the home and work IP fall on the famous 192.168… which fits in the C block. The “A” stage starts with 192.168.1.1.254. Ranges are differentiated by subnet mask which happens to take according to each block. A subnet mask is like the 255 number which has to be same for the other device so as to operate.